Initially, ketamine was invented for veterinary purposes and later a man of course thought of testing this preamplat on himself. Today we will tell you what kind of ketamine is a preamplifier and whether it is a drug and why it is forbidden in the public domain.
Ketamine is a hallucinogenic drug of synthetic origin. Ketamine hydrochloride is an anesthetic blocking the nerve endings without inhibiting breathing and circulation.
Ketamine is available in 10 and 50 ml vials. It looks like an oily liquid. Calypsole has a strong pungent odor.
General anesthesia caused by ketamine is called dissociative, since the effect of the drug is mainly associated with a depressing effect on the associative zone and horseshoe formation of the thalamus.
If ketamine is consumed intravenously or intramuscularly, the use of someone else’s injecting equipment (syringes, needles, a common vial, etc.) can lead to the following infections and diseases: HIV / AIDS, hepatitis, blood poisoning.
When small doses of ketamine are used, speech and coordination are disrupted, when using large doses, there is a loss of temporal and spatial orientation, down to complete loss of consciousness. In any condition, very strong hallucinations occur.
Ketamine often causes nausea. It is best at this moment to be in a quiet, peaceful place to avoid injuries. Darkness reduces visual effects. Music has a very powerful effect (but you should not make it too loud). Heat is very important, so it’s a good idea to wrap yourself in a blanket.
The drug can also act as an effective antidepressant, although its hallucinogenic properties are unlikely to ever allow use to combat depression
Ketamine is produced by many pharmaceutical companies, and has many synonyms. Some of them: Kalipsol (Hungary), Ketazhest, Ketaject (USA), Ketalar, Ketalar (Great Britain), Ketavet, Ketamin, Calypsoal, Ketanest, Ketaset, Ketolar, Vetalar, Narcomon.
They say that ketamine is an uninteresting and unpleasant drug. For some, it too strongly separates consciousness from the body, for others ketamine is a powerful and flexible remedy, the action of which is easy to shape, changing the dose and situation.
Most agree that ketamine is well tolerated, with a slight unpleasant effect the next day and a slight “hangover”. The situation plays a critical role in the manifestation of its effects. Most people think that ketamine should not be used without some experience in the use of psychedelic drugs.
After the beginning of the action of the device, there will be a fragmentation – the world will fall to pieces and begin to rotate, without causing a headache. The music falls into pieces. At a sufficient dosage, at some point the ordinary reality and body disappear.
Events behind this character are very different, but most speak of alternate spaces, loneliness, a vision of the past and the future, as well as about all kinds of machines.
Under the action of ketamine it is very difficult to communicate because It is impossible to see and hear those around you. Some of the visions are severe, and some are frightening, but this usually does not remain after, so these surges can not be called truly horrible.
The return of the normal reality takes place in the reverse order, the usual vision gradually comes to rest. Effects gently continue for another hour, gradually falling.
The main medical use of ketamine is as a means for narkoza. Ketamine is a white crystalline powder with a weak characteristic odor easily soluble in water (1: 5) and alcohol (the pH of aqueous solutions is quite acidic – 3.5..4.5). The peculiarity of the anesthetic action of ketamine is in maintaining an adequate adequate activity of the lungs. The action of the drug is primarily related to the inhibitory effect on the associative zone of the cortex and subcortical formation of the thalamus. Cumulation in the multi-entry is not observed.
The minimum effective anesthetic dose of Ketamine, when administered intravenously, is 0.5mg per kilogram of body weight, at which point the consciousness turns off after 1..2 minutes and the effect lasts about two minutes. At a dose of 1mg / kg narcosis lasts about 6 minutes, and at a dose of 2mg / kg – about 10..15 minutes. In intramuscular injection, the effect is slower, but more prolonged (with the introduction of 6..8mg / kg the effect develops after 6..10 minutes and lasts up to 30..40 minutes).
Analgesic (analgesic) effect develops within 10 minutes after intravenous administration and lasts for about 2..3 hours. With intramuscular introduction, this effect is also more prolonged.
Ketamine is used for mononarcoma and combined napkoz, especially in patients with low blood pressure (BP) or when self-contained ventilation is necessary. It is shown in extracorporeal surgery and evacuation stages, in particular in patients with traumatic shock and blood loss (due to rapid introduction into narcosis, absence of respiratory depression and pacemaking effect), at various surgical operations (including cardio surgery), as well as in endoscopic procedures , Catheterization of the heart, small surgical manipulations, tying, including dental, ophthalmological and otolaryngological practices, as well as in the obstetrician practice in the Caesarean section.
Enter ketamine intravenously (struino or drip) and intramuscularly. Adult injected in / in 2..3mg / kg, in / m 4..8mg / kg. To support napkoza injections repeat (0.5..1mg / kg IV or 3mg / kg IM). Support of nasal cancer continuous intravenous infusion is achieved by its administration at a rate of 2mg / kg per hour (on isotonic p-re chlorous sodium (0.9% p-p salt)). Ketamine can be used in combination with neuroleptics (dopiperidol, etc.) and analgesics (fentanyl, pmedol, etc.) In these cases, the dose of ketamine should be reduced.
Ketamine causes an increase in blood pressure (by 20..30%) and increases the frequency of secondary contractions with an increase in the minute discharge of the heart; Peripheral vascular resistance decreases with this. Stimulation of serdechnoy activity can be reduced by the application of diazepam (sibazona). As a rule, Ketamine does not cause broncho-and laryngospasm, does not depress the reflexes of the upper airways. Nausea and vomiting do not usually occur. The use of Ketamine can be accompanied by inappropriate movements, hypertones, hallucinatory phenomena. These effects are prevented or removed using proppant or dopiperidol.
When iv administration of ketamine is sometimes possible pain and inflammation along the veins; During the process of possible psychomotor agitation and a relatively long disorientation.
Ketamine is contraindicated in cases of severe impairment of cerebral cortex or in the presence of a history of anamnesis, with severe hypertension, eclampsia, severe decompensation of blood circulation, epilepsy and other diseases accompanied by ship readiness. It is impossible to mix solutions of ketamine with bapithurate (precipitate).
Form release: 5% solution in ampoules of 2 and 10 ml., In a package of 10 ampoules. 10% solution in 10 ml vials.
Storage: List A. In the dark place.
Anesthesia with the introduction of ketamine has been termed “dissociative,” which means, in particular, that consciousness is “separated” (or “dissociated”) from the body. The main advantage of ketamine before the other drugs for narcosis is that it does not suppress gor- tane and pharyngeal reflexes (a person does not try to choke his own saliva during the operation time).
Although the effect of ketamine on consciousness makes it one of the most powerful psychedelics, the lack of ability to evoke euphoria (a state of bliss) has not made it popular. However, specialists in the field of psycho-chemistry have long used ketamine to study altered states of consciousness. Jay Stevens in his book “The Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream” writes that studies in the field of psychedelic drugs have not stopped in the States since the 60s. The existing network of researchers, which Stevens calls “psycho-chemical frontier” continued to study the influence of psychedelic substances on the human mind. When the laws prevented the use of certain “tools”, they passed on to other substances, the application of which was not limited.
By the time, like Stevens’s book was printed (in 1987), the participants of this network have found or synthesized many new products with strange names – Adam, Eve, Venus, Intellex, 2CB, etc. Stevens asked many participants in this secret community what kind of drug they consider “the best”, and the two most frequently cited substances were MDMA (Ecstasy, X) and ketamine.
But in the wide distribution of ketamine, the main role was played by politics-the unpopular and grasping policy of governments in the field of psychochemistry. If the police, for example, manages to recover a significant share of the goods entering the market, some people start using synthetic drugs for psychedelic purposes. When in Scotland the receipt of the import hero quickly cut off, people began to use facial masculine preparations, which undoubtedly caused a much greater damage to health than under any conditions, could be inflicted on the hero. By the time, when it was blocked by MDMA, hundreds of thousands of people have opened this tool for themselves and with it they completely disconnected from their problems on weekends. Sharp reduction of access to MDMA logically led to the fact that another relatively legal entity took its place. Of course, many were pazocharovany-because ketamine in essence, a medicine for one, and Ecstasy had social qualities.
Liverpulsky researcher Alan Matthews confirms that further discussion about the prevention or disposal of ketamine is meaningless. Podrestki – he says, no longer say that they bought “E” or “X” or “K”, they say that they bought “tablets”. They are discouraged by the fact that the sellers are offering new products (most of which are actually mixtures of old, but there are also really new ones) every week. Their names (Phase Four, Phase Five, Turbo’s, Flatliner, Shamrock) are absolutely meaningless, and even the sellers very seldom know what exactly is in their tablets.